How AI Can be Used in Glove-Form to Help Hand Weakness

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A new lightweight AI-powered robotic glove pioneered by a Scottish biotech start-up, BioLiberty, could help deliver independence to millions of people with reduced mobility. 

The loss of hand strength can make performing everyday tasks a constant struggle for many people. Opening jars, picking up your child or grandchild, gripping a steering wheel, or even brushing your teeth are all tasks that hand weakness can make more difficult and sometimes impossible. Hand weakness can arise from many ailments such as rheumatoid arthritis, nerve damage, and strokes.

BioLiberty¹, a company based in Scotland, has devised a lightweight robotic glove with an AI-operating system that could grant hand weakness sufferers renewed grip strength, and more importantly  —  independence.

The BioTech start-up founded by four engineering graduates  —  including Shea Quinn, Rowan Armstrong, and Ross O’Hanlon  —  has devised the glove with sufferers of hand-weakness due to aging, motor neuron disease, and carpal tunnel syndrome in mind. 

O’ Hanlon, in particular, says that he was inspired to create the glove when a close family member developed multiple sclerosis, and he watched as they began to struggle with everyday tasks as simple as drinking a glass of water. 

Being an engineer, I decided to use technology to tackle these challenges head-on with the aim of helping people like my aunt to retain their autonomy.

Ross O’Hanlon,  Mechatronics engineer and Co-founder, BioLiberty

Turning Intention to Independence

The glove uses electromyography (EMG)  —  a diagnostic procedure to assess the health of muscles and the control of nerve cells  —  to detect electrical activity in response to nerve stimulation. This can be translated as the wearer’s intention to manipulate an object. 

This intention can then be converted to force that can be applied to the object in question, allowing the wearer to twist, grip, or hold it. 

While there are already products widely commercially available to help boost grip strength for sufferers of hand weakness, O’Hanlon explains that these tend to be tools designed for specific jobs such as opening jars. BioLiberty’s lightweight glove, on the other hand, is what O’ Hanlon describes as an ‘all-encompassing solution’ that can perform a wide range of tasks. 

The AI-powered glove could join other procedures recommended by medical professionals to return grip strength, such as regular hand exercises as well as providing relief for sufferers that can’t be helped significantly by such measures. 

The Cost of an Ever-Aging Population

The team at BioLiberty estimates that in the UK alone 2.5 million people suffer from hand weakness at a cost to the Nation Health Service (NHS) of about £2.5 billion per year  —  that’s about 3.5 billion USD. 

And as the population ages, these figures are only set to increase. Thus, with aging and age-related disease as a significant cause of hand-weakness, the condition too can only increase. 

Thankfully, BioLiberty’s AI glove has recently received a significant financial boost from Edinburgh Business School’s Incubator program  —  described as a ‘safe harbor’ for young, innovative start-ups.

The team has already built a working prototype glove and now hopes that they can start to roll the tech out to homes across the UK. 

As well as those affected by illness, the population continues to age, and this places increasing pressure on care services. We wanted to support independent living and healthy aging by enabling individuals to live more comfortably in their own homes for longer.

Ross O’Hanlon,  Mechatronics engineer and Co-founder, BioLiberty


  1. ‘An Assistive Device and Platform designed to tackle Hand Weakness,’ BioLiberty, []

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Robert Lea

Written by

Robert Lea

Robert is a Freelance Science Journalist with a STEM BSc. He specializes in Physics, Space, Astronomy, Astrophysics, Quantum Physics, and SciComm. Robert is an ABSW member, and aWCSJ 2019 and IOP Fellow.


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